King Tutankhamun Death Mask, Cairo, Egypt

Egypt is the home to ancient Pharaohs, stunning Temples and Tombs. It also has deserts for those off road adventures, world famous reefs, beach resorts and diving opportunities located along the Red Sea as well as the most famous adventures visitors love to come and do, visiting the Seventh Wonder of the Ancient World, the Pyramids of Giza or Cruising on the River Nile.

Cairo the Capital is a sprawling metropolis sitting on the edge of the desert. This vibrant city is jammed packed with Mosques, monuments and a maze of shopping Souq’s for you to visit selling anything from spices, ceramics to perfume. The Al-Azhar Mosque and the incredible Sultan Hassan Mosque are a must see and be sure to climb up to the roof of the ancient medieval gate of Bab Zuweila for the best views over the city. A visit to one of the world’s greatest Museums, the Egyptian Museum is a must to see the collections from the world of the Pharaoh’s. The star attraction is the collection of golden treasures unearthed from Tutankhamen's Tomb in the Valley of the Kings. However, from November 2022 some of the Museums treasures will be transferred to the new Grand Egypt Museum (GEM) in Giza located near to the Pyramids. GEM will finally provide this world class collection with a valuable stage of Tutankhamen's treasures, many of which have been kept in storage for years.

No visit to Egypt would be complete without seeing The Great Pyramids of Giza. Built by the Pharaoh Khufu (commonly referred to as Cheops), it is said that according to Herodotus, 100,000 men worked on its construction for three months every year. This colossal structure is some 2.3 million cubic metres excluding the rock foundation and the interior chambers. The base measurement is 227.5 metres and the vertical height is 137.2 metres. The Pyramids can be visited on a day trip from Cairo.

Saqqara is also a day trip from Cairo, this is an immense necropolis of Tombs and Pyramids and best known for its Old Kingdom Step Pyramid, which shows how the architects of Ancient Egypt advanced their engineering knowledge to finally create a true Pyramid shape. Besides the Step Pyramid, there are also other Tombs including the Mastaba of Ti, and the Pyramid site of Dahshur, home to the Red Pyramid and Bent Pyramid nearby.

Luxor is famously known worldwide for the Valley of the Kings, Karnak Temple and the Memorial Temple of Hatshepsut. The East Bank of Luxor is the modern area of the city with Museums, Souq’s and the Temple of Karnak. The West Bank is lush farmland and where most of the city’s tourist sites are located. Luxor offer so many things to do you could easily lose yourself here for a few days including taking a cruise on the Nile, passing Temples that line the banks of the river between here and Aswan. Two amazing sites you will get to experience on any Nile Cruise include Edfu’s Temple of Horus and the Temple of Kom Ombo while enjoying amazing sunsets and stunning scenery.

Approximately 80 kms from Luxor you will find The Temple of Hathor at Dendara. Built in the late Pharaonic era and extended during the Roman period, it was an important cultural centre from early on in the period of Ancient Egypt. The reliefs and decoration are in superbly preserved in particular the Hypostyle Hall, which was built by the Roman Emperor Tiberius. The columns here are topped by heads of the Egyptian God Hathor and the wall reliefs of the Emperor paying tribute to the Egyptian Gods.

Aswan is located along the meandering curves of the Nile with a backdrop of orange hued dunes. Taking a ferry ride to Elephantine Island or strolling around the Nubian Villages is a must. Don’t forget to take a Camel ride to the desert Monastery of St. Simeon on Aswan's East Bank. Another relaxing and popular tourist option is to hop on board a Felucca at sunset and sail around the Aswan Islands. Close by there are a large number of historic sites to visit including the Philae Temple.

Abu Simbel is quite an extraordinary place to visit with sites like Ramses II's Great Temple, adorned with a colossal statuary standing guard outside. Abu Simbel is also known for the phenomenal engineering feat that was carried out by UNESCO in the 1960’s, which saw the whole Temple moved from its original setting to save it from vanishing under the rising water of the Aswan Dam.

The Mediterranean Port City of Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great and was home to Cleopatra. It has a long seafront Corniche and some Underwater Archaeological projects that have instilled Alexandria's Museums with fascinating exhibits. The modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina is a contemporary interpretation of Alexandria's famed Ancient Library and another historic site is the atmospheric Catacombs.

For those who are interested in watersports then the coral reefs of the Red Sea are renowned among scuba divers for both soft corals and the huge amount of sea life, ranging from colourful reef fish and nudibranchs, to Sharks, Dolphins, Turtles, Rays and Dugongs. Other dive sites include the Straits of Gubal, which can be reached from Hurghada or El Gouna on the Red Sea Coast. The beach resort town of Hurghada is located along the Red Sea Coastline offers approximately 40 kms of sandy beaches with great restaurants, bars and nightlife, while the Old Town of El Dahar, has traditional Egyptian coffee shops and Souks.

Situated on the Sinai Peninsula, the South Sinai offers great beach locations including Sharm el-Sheikh, a European style resort town full of luxury hotels and restaurants. Dahab is a low key beach resort with a focus on desert excursions, diving, kitesurfing and windsurfing.

At the foot of Mount Sinai sits one of the oldest Monasteries in the world, St. Catherine's. Set amongst the desert mountains of the Sinai Peninsula, where Moses is said to have received the Ten Commandments. This desert Monastery is home to an incredible collection of religious iconography, art and manuscripts as well as the burning bush. The best time to hike up to visit St. Catherine’s is at sunrise or sunset or take the Camel path for an easier route or climb the famous Steps of Repentance if you want even better views.

Siwa sits in isolation, in the western corner of the Western Desert, a picturesque little oasis, surrounded by date palm plantations and numerous hot springs. Siwa town is centered around the ruins of a vast mud brick Citadel, known as the Fortress of Shali, which dominates the town, while various Temple remnants, including the Temple of the Oracle where Alexander the Great is said to have come to receive advice, are scattered throughout the wider oasis area. There is so much more to see and do in Egypt, a visit here will leave you wanting more.

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